Hatred, vengeance, reparation and forgiveness in the film The Painted Veil

Hatred, vengeance, reparation and forgiveness in the film The Painted Veil

Directed by John Curran and based on the book by the same name by W. Somerset Maugham

Lift not the painted veil which those who live Call Life (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

The opening scene of the film "The Painted Veil" depicts a journey into vengeance. Dr. Walter Fane, a bacteriologist from England, forces his wife Kitty to embark on a journey of hell through heat, humidity and misery to a remote village in the interior of China to punish her for her infidelity.

The two-week overland journey takes them to a far-off place called Mei-tan-fu where there is an outbreak of cholera. Travelling overland is more arduous and uncomfortable for Kitty (not least for him too) than travelling down the river. The sultry and suffocating weather starkly contrasts with Edward's cold and controlled emotions.

Two years earlier, Walter was so smitten by Kitty, a vivacious socialite of high society that despite being shy and awkward in character he had made an uninviting proposal to her. After discovering Kitty's clandestine affair, Walter changes and shows unimaginable cruelty to his wife. The intensity of Walter's hatred and vengeance (played by a superb Edward Norton) is shown by a throbbing vein on his forehead. On discovering Kitty's infidelity, Walter threatens to file a petition for divorce. Walter gives Kitty two horrifying alternatives (particularly for a British woman living in the 1920s): she could obtain a divorce on grounds of adultery and be held up to public scorn or leave Shanghai with her husband to a remote and dangerous place with a sweeping cholera epidemic. Naomi Watts plays beautifully the part of Kitty, who is quite selfish and spoilt. She does not love Walter, has never loved him, never been in love with him or even considered him as a good catch. Though se would accept a divorce, she does not like the idea of Edward exposing her to a scandal. At the same time, she is loathed to the idea of continuing her marriage in an isolated place where she could risk dying of cholera. She runs to her lover for she mistakenly thinks he truly loves her. Where she expect to find true happiness –something which she has never felt with Walter-, she finds just a "painted veil". But when her lover rejects her, she has no choice but to follow her husband obtorto collo wherever he wants to go. Walter is so consumed by vengeance he barely speaks to Kitty and long silences fall upon them both. Kitty quickly falls into a sea of solitude and desperation.

How is it possible for love to emerge from a union like this? This is a marriage based on Walter's initial infatuation and Kitty's desire to be freed from her overbearing mother eager to dispose of her daughter in a society where women are not offered many other opportunities for social dignity. Sooner or later, a woman had to pass from paternal protection to that of a husband's. It was better sooner than later for Kitty, who was now approaching the years of danger when she would be past her prime and where a becoming girl of high society could start to wither and fade and be destined to a life of spinsterhood with her parents. In short, that was not a solid base for a long lasting relationship. Infidelity, contempt, hatred and vengeance ensue.

Walter's suffering is plainly manifest, the affront of adultery causes him so much anguish and torment that the extent of the cruelty he exercises over his wife cannot be explained in another way. Why would he have such a detached manner and calculate his words if it were not to frighten his wife? On arrival at the decimated village he pretends to reassure Kitty by saying that she should not worry, that after all dying of cholera is a rapid affair, albeit painful but after a few hours it's all over. He then turns and closes the door behind him, leaving his wife alone on the breach of despair. Walter's silence, coldness and indifference are part of his vengeance but eventually they have the better of him when he too falls into a tunnel of unhappiness and cynicism. It is all too comprehensible: he who is betrayed despises and seeks revenge through forced indifference even in daily petty actions. It brings to mind Terence's words humani nihil a me alienum puto (Nothing human is alien to me). Walter feels deeply offended and humiliated; he feels hatred and seeks revenge. But how can revenge perpetrated in the illusion give some relief? If anything, it acts like a boomerang, it backfires and gives sufferance to those who seek revenge and this is exactly what happens to Walter. What hope can there be of healing those deeply hurt wounds?

Yet, something extraordinary happens. Kitty, tired of being constantly unhappy and determined not to finish her life consumed by hatred and resentment, reaches out to her hostile and rancorous husband ( Perhaps I just want us to be a little less unhappy). When she sees her husband at work she begins to see him differently. She no longer sees a clumsy suitor or nerd bacteriologist surrounded by test tubes or a sadistic man who has forced her on an unnecessary journey. Moreover, she begins to see the compassion Walter has for his patients.

It is a story of a tortuous journey, of atonement and of vengeance. When Kitty was initially confronted with the squalor, misery and disease in that secluded area of China she felt the confinement even more. She lamented the life she had in London and its frivolities. Through her attempt to get out of this overwhelming unhappiness she feels the need to draw away from herself and put aside her selfishness. Maybe she wants to give true meaning to her days, which swings like a pendulum backward and forward between pain and boredom. She feels the need to fill her days by doing something useful and begins by helping in an orphanage. Gradually, Kitty though fatuous and used to living in luxury, becomes dedicated to the existence of others as well. Kitty's transformation is not so apparent, she does not seek to be virtuous or morally upright. In this way, the story is not made trite or banal nor something absolutist or difficult to believe. Nor can we attach this cliché to Walter. It is Kitty, while maintaining a dignified and graceful manner throughout, who constantly tries to change and puts her piano skills and her love for music to good use (the piano soundtrack by Alexandre Desplat is magnificent). In turn, Walter sees Kitty with different eyes and from that moment they begin to love each other. The empathic perspective allows Walter to see a woman with a loving heart and not the spoilt and shallow girl he once fell in love with.

How can two people so full of hatred and despite fall in love? This can only happen when deep wounds are healed, wrongs are amended from the past, and when there is a reciprocal desire to bring new life into a relationship. In other words: forgiveness. Forgiveness saves Walter and Kitty from the compulsion to ruminate over the past wrong doings, from plummeting into isolation, from continual recriminations in the hope of finding some kind of justice. When there is a reciprocal offering and receiving of forgiveness, freedom widens and permits people to live again.

(*) Prof. Barbara Barcaccia is adjunct professor of Techniques of Clinical Interviewing-University of L'Aquila, professor of Cognitive Psychotherapy, post graduate specialization School in Neuropsychology-Sapienza University of Rome, Accredited Trainer in cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy, post graduate Specialization School APC-SPC. She is the co-editor with Francesco Mancini of “Teoria e clinica del perdono” (Raffaello Cortina Editore), finalist of the First National Award for Scientific Divulgation (AIL), sponsored by the National Research Council (CNR).